White Hat vs Black Hat: The Ethics of Hacking


Due to technological developments, you probably already know what being a hacker is, but you might not be aware that there are three main types of hackers: black, white hat, and grey hat.

We shall learn further about these two categories of hackers and their tactics in this blog. Also, we will examine the distinction between White Hat and Black Hat hackers.

What is a White-Hat Hacker? 

White hat hackers refer to cybersecurity experts with permission or certification to access corporate networks and computer systems. To identify weaknesses in systems, they employ their knowledge and abilities. White hat hackers utilize their skills to find security flaws and protect enterprises from harmful hackers. They may occasionally be salaried staff or independent contractors who search for security flaws on behalf of businesses.

Large corporations, businesses, and governments frequently employ white-hat hackers to find security flaws before black-hat hackers do. White hat hackers identify and patch security system flaws to protect them from outside attacks and information breaches. They are also referred to as moral hackers. Hence, ethical hackers don’t intend to damage a system. Instead, as part of vulnerability testing and penetration assessments, they identify weak points in a system.

How Do White Hat Hackers Work? 

White hat hackers employ the same hacking techniques as black hat, but the important distinction is that they obtain the system owner’s consent first, making the procedure entirely legal. White hat hackers collaborate with network administrators to quickly resolve problems before other users notice them instead of using vulnerabilities to propagate programs.

White hat hacker techniques and abilities consist of:

  1. Social Engineering 

Social engineering, also known as “people hacking,” is a recurrent tactic employed by white hat hackers to recognize gaps in an organization’s “human” defenses.

  1. Testing for Penetration 

Penetration testing seeks to identify endpoint and defense vulnerabilities and weaknesses so that they can be fixed.

  1. Research and Reconnaissance 

This entails investigating the company to find IT and physical infrastructure weaknesses. The objective is to acquire enough knowledge to find legal ways to get around security measures and controls without incurring harm or breaking anything.

  1. Programming 

White hat hackers build honeypots that work as ruses to entice online criminals, divert them, or assist the white hats in learning crucial details about the attackers.

  1. Utilizing various analog and digital techniques comprises the tools and equipment that enable the penetration testers to access the servers or network and install malware such as bots.

What is a Black-Hat Hacker? 

Black hat hackers are online criminals that hunt down holes in computer security and use them for nefarious ends or monetary gain. Hackers break into networks without authorization, disrupting their operations or pilfering private data.

Black hat hackers are skilled programmers with malicious motivations. They can traverse the cybersecurity environment thanks to their strong technical knowledge and abilities. Black hat hacking is prohibited due to its malicious intent, which includes stealing sensitive information, harming the system, invading privacy, etc. Black hat Hackers frequently specialize in certain areas, including administering remote access tools or phishing. Using forums and other links on the dark web, many people find their “work.” Like in the normal business world, some choose to work via franchises or leasing agreements, but some choose to create and sell malicious programs directly.

Governments now use hacking as a crucial weapon for acquiring intelligence, although black hat hackers typically work independently or alongside organized crime groups in exchange for quick cash.

How Do Black Hackers Work? 

Due to its size, hacking can function like a large corporation, making it simple to spread harmful software. Businesses have partners, merchants, suppliers, and affiliates, and they purchase and sell malware licenses to other criminal enterprises for usage in new markets or locations.

Some black hat businesses even have contact centers to place outbound calls while posing as employees of a well-known software company like Microsoft. In this scam, the hackers attempt to convince potential targets to download software or grant remote access to their systems. By allowing access or installing the suggested software, the victim unintentionally allows criminals to gather passwords and banking information, take over the computer covertly, and use it to attack others.

How Do White Hats vs. Black Hat Hackers Differ? 

Basis of Differentiation  

White–Hat Hackers


Black–Hat Hackers




White-hat hackers have good motives. They work towards identifying and fixing security vulnerabilities in an organization.


Black hat hackers have self-serving and selfish motives. They successfully identify vulnerabilities but exploit them, causing harm to an organization.





They want to defend other people and businesses from online criminals. Hence, they possess expertise in protecting business and personal data.


They want to cause harm to other people by stealing private and sensitive information, breaking the system, etc. They are motivated by financial gains or punishment of a company or person.




White hat hackers are used by big firms, governments, and other institutions to find security flaws. White-hat hacking is legitimate and legal as long as the system owner has given permission.


They carry out hacking without the owner’s knowledge or consent. It’s against the law for black hat hackers to hack. Hence their employment is considered illegitimate.


Annual Salary


Their annual salary varies from $75,000 to $130,000.


Usually, the salary of Black hat hackers is unverifiable.





White-hat hacking is completely legal with employment rights and protection.


Black Hat hacking is illegal and against the law. Therefore, it does not possess any employment rights or protection.


White Hat Vs. Black Hat Hackers and The Need for Ethical Hacking 

Every firm needs to be forceful in the digitization age while safeguarding the security and confidentiality of the data and content they deal with. It is common practice to test system security via ethical hacking. A test security system’s execution, management, and design phases involve ethical hacking. It discovers the security holes and corrects them. Government agencies and other reputable businesses employ ethical hackers because of the potential influence of increased cybercrime on future national security. You can learn the skills necessary to become a successful hacker with some of the best top ethical hacking certifications. These certifications will enhance your knowledge and also provide you with the best professional opportunities.

Even though hacking is frequently linked to illegal conduct, this is not always true. This is because some hackers use their abilities to break into businesses’ security systems and steal valuable data. Of course, doing that is against the law. But most people are still unsure of what hacking’s genuine purposes are. Hackers, usually called ethical hackers, are employed to find weaknesses in a system.

Ethical hacking is still practiced to protect private and secret information from invaders. Hackers attempt to steal crucial data, but ethical hacking can stop them. Only when a company employs ethical hacking can it track weaknesses and hazards to sensitive data. The government has authorized ethical hacking to stop intelligence on swaying politics, a hostile nation, and other matters from reaching the public. The safety of every country is of utmost importance, and ethical hacking assists in avoiding terrorist attacks and cyberterrorism.

Many sizes of businesses use various security measures to ensure their protection and safety, but safety cannot be guaranteed by simply shutting doors and closing windows. Businesses today must be proactive in their security measures and continuously update them. It is preferable to protect the data before a catastrophe. Hackers have a variety of methods available to steal data ingeniously. Such a scenario can be avoided with the aid of ethical hacking.

Since they are ethical hackers, they protect the client’s data. They take all necessary precautions to keep the company’s data safe and secure. In other words, ethical hackers break into the system and guarantee the security of all the company’s data. Because of this proactive approach to data security, the data are truly kept secure. This helps the firm retain crucial data.


The potential for ethical hacking is enormous. Learning ethical hacking will help protect larger companies’ data in the future. Doing the appropriate hacking for businesses and the government might be profitable for those interested in ethical hacking. Although ethical hacking is widely misunderstood, people are gradually becoming more aware. An ethical hacker is a well-known and recognized professional. It’s becoming more and more popular. It is a subject matter of great importance. Other departments receive unmatched support and security from it. For our safety, we need more skilled ethical hackers.

Knowledgehut is a top training provider, assisting individuals from various fields to bridge their skill gaps and gain new skills to advance their careers in the worldwide corporate environment. It offers a broad spectrum of certifications in training, learning, and advancement in management and technology. Knowledgehut was created to give highly valuable training in creative and applicable ways. Knowledgehut offers top ethical hacking certification courses as well.








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